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Measurement and Evolution Analysis of the Level of Chinese Enterprises’ Servitization of Manufacturing
Pages: 3-22
Year: Issue:  11
Journal: The Journal of Quantitative & Technical Economics

Keyword:  Trade Value AddedServitization of ManufacturingDuality of Trade ModeHeterogeneity of EnterpriseGlobal Value Chain;
Abstract: Research Objectives: This paper deconstructs the level and dynamic evolution characteristics of Chinese manufacturing industry from 2000 to 2011. Research Methods: Through the comprehensive analysis of the input-output table, Chinese industrial enterprise database and customs trade database which distinguish Chinese trade patterns, this paper measures and analyzes them based on the input-output analysis method and enterprise trade value-added accounting method. Research Findings: The levels of manufacturing servitization of processing trade enterprises and general trade enterprises increase from 0.2932 and 0.2121 in 2000 to 0.3063 and 0.2277 in 2011 respectively, with a small increase. However, the contribution of domestic service factors to the transformation of manufacturing servitization of Chinese enterprises is increasing. In comparison, the domestic service-oriented degree of processing trade enterprises is lower than that of general trade enterprises, but the domestic service-oriented process of processing trade enterprises is faster than that of general trade enterprises, showing an obvious trend of "domestic services replacing foreign services". After further examining the heterogeneity factors of different industry types, ownership attributes and spatial regions, it is found that labor-intensive enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises and enterprises in the eastern region have relatively high level of manufacturing servitization. Research Innovations: After considering the duality of trade mode and the heterogeneity of enterprises, this paper makes an accurate measurement and dynamic analysis on the servitization level of Chinese manufacturing industry from the perspective of service factor input for the first time. Research Value:It provides a paradigm reference for the subsequent research on the influencing factors and effect evaluation of the service-oriented level of Chinese manufacturing industry, and provides decision-making reference for promoting the transformation and upgrading of Chinese manufacturing industry and the rise of global value chain status.
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