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The Relationship between Power and Right:The Experience and Enlightenment of Taiwan Tobacco Protection and Control Law
Author(s): 
Pages: 78-88
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Taiwan Research Quarterly

Keyword:  “烟害防制法”烟害防制手段法律保留比例原则启示;
Abstract: 台湾地区烟害防制法制以“烟害防制法”这一专门性立法为核心,辅之以“行政院”配套实施的行政规则及“烟酒税法”等单行立法作为重要补充.烟害防制的手段包括健康福利捐的征收、烟品包装与标示的强制要求、烟品贩卖与广告的限制、特定群类禁止吸烟及特定区域设定禁烟等.这些手段涉及公权力干预社会习惯,引发了关于权力与权利平衡的论争.台湾地区“大法官解释”的基本脉络以“法律保留”作为公权力干预公民基本权利的正当性基础,以“比例原则”作为划定公权力介入公民基本权利疆域的工具,很好地解决了权力与权利之间的平衡问题.这一经验为大陆地区控烟立法过程中解决类似的问题提供了启发.
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