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chu tu gu yu xing zhi chao biao cheng yin chu tan
Author(s): 
Pages: 45-51
Year: Issue:  8
Journal: Identification and Appreciation to Cultural Relics

Keyword:  土古玉实物标本分类标准何来宏观把握带钩玉熊玉戈汉墓淮南市博物馆;
Abstract: <正>标型学是学习文物鉴定的一门必修课,来源于考古学中的类型学——一种依据器物外形或题材的相类性作为分类标准,通过对器物类、型、式的排比,从宏观把握时代特征及器形演变规律的学科。类型学以实物标本为研究对象,其中最具代表性、最典型的标本,即标型器。通常而言,标型器可以理解为"标准形制的器物",向我们展示文物通常都是什么样子,否则"标"字何来?但考古中经常有"不标准"的器物出土,这些器物在我们学习标
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