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min guo shi qi de hui zhou ji nian mo yi an hui zhong guo hui zhou wen hua bo wu guan cang mo wei li
Author(s): 
Pages: 50-55
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Identification and Appreciation to Cultural Relics

Keyword:  徽州文化奚廷珪胡开文藏墨名家辈出阴识唐末文人士大夫了明如石;
Abstract: <正>一、纪念墨产生的背景唐末,以奚超、奚廷珪父子为代表的北方制墨名家避乱南迁,带来了先进的制墨工艺。他们以徽州优质的黄山松木为原料,制作出"一点如漆、百年如石"的墨品,徽墨自此声名大显。经过宋元两朝的发展,到了明清时期,徽州制墨已是名家辈出,精品不断涌现,一时间世人皆有徽墨既中国墨的认知。清末,徽州制墨一方面受以进口廉价矿物质油烟为主要成分的墨汁、墨水的冲击,丧失了部分传统市场;另一方面则是清代制墨点烟的主要原料桐油大量外销,导致
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