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xi xia di yi niu zuo jin tong niu
Author(s): 
Pages: 17-18
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: Identification and Appreciation to Cultural Relics

Keyword:  西夏陵腹内模制文物鉴定农业生产牛耕中原王朝表面装饰稻麦铁制农具;
Abstract: <正>鎏金铜牛(见图1),西夏,1977年出土于西夏陵区101号陪葬陵,现藏宁夏回族自治区博物馆。模制浇铸成形,腹内空心,外表通体鎏金,造型生动,比例匀称,形象逼真,工艺精湛,是西夏文物中的精品,号称"西夏第一牛",是宁夏回族自治区博物馆的"镇馆之宝。"1996年,国家文物鉴定委员会确定其为"国宝"。铜牛长120厘米,宽38厘米,高45厘米,重188千克。中空,外表通体鎏金。牛屈肢而卧,双眸远眺,四肢有力,体态健壮,线条流畅,形体硕大。铜牛的
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