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hua ying xie zhen zuo zuo chuan shen nan jing bo wu yuan cang ming qing xiao xiang hua shang jie
Author(s): 
Pages: 50-57
Year: Issue:  8
Journal: Identification and Appreciation to Cultural Relics

Keyword:  明清肖像画南京博物院波臣派曾鲸民间画工写意画王鏊绢本设色士大夫文人文人士大夫;
Abstract: <正>肖像画起源甚早,习称"写照""传神""写真""小像""小影"等,在魏晋南北朝时有不少士大夫肖像画家,然自宋元写意画风兴起后,士大夫文人渐不屑于从事肖像画创作,致使肖像画始渐沦为民间画工的专业。明末清初,曾鲸(1568-1650年)及其"波臣派"崛起,尤其是文人的互动和参与,又使得肖像画创作逐渐向雅致化方向发展。自古以来,肖像画的创作与社会制度、文化背景息息相
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