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chang jiang liu yu shi qian zhuang shi yong yu
Author(s): 
Pages: 100-105
Year: Issue:  8
Journal: Identification and Appreciation to Cultural Relics

Keyword:  用玉玉文化史前时期石家河文化红山文化玉龙玉璜长江流域玉鹰新石器时代文化北阴阳营文化;
Abstract: <正>中国的玉文化历史悠久,从原始社会开始,玉器就是人们心目中的神灵祥瑞之物,它作为人们与神灵沟通的神物,在社会生活中占据了极其重要的地位。史前时期,人们以美石为玉。古人对玉的认识有"十一德说"(孔子)、"九德说"(管子)、"七德说"(荀子)、"六德说"(刘向)和"五德说"(许慎)。其中以"五德说"最具代表性,东汉许慎在《说文解字》中称玉为"玉,石之美者,有五德。"
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