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Development of synaptic onset latency and threshold in auditory cortex in rats
Author(s): 
Pages: 995-1000
Year: Issue:  12
Journal: Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery

Keyword:  Auditory cortexNeuronsPatch-clamp techniquesRatsSprague-DawleySynapses;
Abstract: Objective To study the change of synaptic onset latency and threshold in primary auditory cortex (A1) during the development of SD rat.Methods Extracellular recording was used to locate A1,followed by transferred to loose-patch and whole-cell patch in vivo to record the spike activity,synaptic onset latency and threshold responses respectively.Rats were divided into 4 groups according to ages,postnatal 12-15 days,16-18 days,19-24 days and adult (> 3 months).Results 1.The onset latency of local field potential in A1 of adult rats [(10-20) ms] was shorter than young rats [(20-30) ms].2.During development,the onset latency of spikes of a single neuron in response to white noise pulses decreased.And the latency in young rats P12-15 [(40.15 ± 2.67) ms] and P16-18 [(33.86 ±4.61) ms] were longer than in adults [(22.93 ± 2.94) ms] (ANOVA-test,t =4.330 and 1.995,P =0.00 and 0.04).However,the onset latencies of P19-24 [(24.80 ± 3.63) ms] and adult had no significant difference (P > 0.05).3.Synaptic onset latencies of both excitation and inhibition were significantly longer in P12-15 [(38.94±1.90)ms,(35.26±2.40)ms] and P16-18[(32.68 ±2.52)ms,(30.24±2.18)ms] than in adults [(19.4 ± 1.06) ms,(18.91 ± 0.77) ms] excitation (t =6.255 and 4.662,P < 0.01) inhibition (t =8.918 and 4.820,P < 0.01) showed significant difference.Whereas the onset latencies of P19-24 [(23.67 ± 2.46) ms,(21.43 ± 1.80) ms] and adults displayed no prominent difference (P > 0.01).Meanwhile,the difference between the onset latencies of excitation and inhibition became narrower during development[(3.15 ± 1.02)ms,(2.01 ±0.73)ms,(1.79 ±0.85) ms,(0.39 ±0.48) ms].P12-15 had notably difference in comparison to adults (t =1.739,P < 0.01).4.The thresholds of synaptic response were notably higher in P12-15(40.0 ± 1.6)dB and P16-18 (41.3 ± 11.6)dB when compared with adults (30.9 ± 0.6) dB (t =5.284 and 5.867,P < 0.01).While that of P19-24 (35.0 ± 32.7) dB showed no distinct difference (P > 0.01).Conclusion Single neuron spiking activity,synaptic onset latency and threshold evoked by sound stimulus gradually mature during the development in rat A1.
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