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Cervical tracheal resection with primary anastomosis for benign tracheal stricture in adult
Pages: 568-572
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery

Keyword:  Tracheal stenosisAnastomosissurgical;
Abstract: Objective To introduce the outcomes of tracheal resection with primary end to end anastomosis for benign cervical tracheal stenosis,and to discuss the strategy for prevention of surgical complications.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 12 patients diagnosed as benign cervical tracheal stenosis from October 2009 to June 2012.Laryngo-tracheal endoscopic examination and computed tomography (CT) were used to assess the degree of stenosis,the grade of inflammation and edema of the subglottis and trachea,and the extent of stenosis and the remaining linear amount of normal airway.The Meyer and Cotton grading system was used to categorise the clinical severity of the stenoses.All patients underwent tracheal resection with primary end to end anastomosis.Results The length of cervical tracheal stenosis ranged from 2.3 to 4.1 cm.Grade Ⅱ stenosis was present in three patients,Grade Ⅲ stenosis was present in seven patients and grade Ⅳ stenosis in two patients.Successful extubation was achieved in all 12 cases.After surgery,temporary hoarseness occurred in 1 patient (8.3%); unilateral pulmonary atelectasis with pleural effusion occurred in 1 patient (8.3%) ; subcutaneous emphysema with infection occurred in 1 patient (8.3%) ; mild dysphagia occurred in 3 patients (25.0%) ; a slight deepening of the tone of voice occurred in 5 patients (41.7%),granulation tissue growth near the suture occurred in 3 patients (25.0%),and suture dehiscence did not occur in any patient.The follow-up period ranged from 6 months to 38 months,no patient developed restenosis.Conclusions It presents a high success rate and good functional result of tracheal resection with primary end-to-end anastomosis.Therefore,it is an effective and reliable approach for the management of benign cervical tracheal stenosis.To avoid complications,the preoperative assessment,patients selection and postoperative management should be emphasized.
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