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zhao gu ni zhuan ke yi shu zuo yi te zhong yin cai jin shu jing yu yin de zhi li
Author(s): 
Pages: 10-15
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Painting & Calligraphy Art

Keyword:  篆刻艺术印材金属文物遗存印文治理玛瑙中二千石御史大夫翡翠;
Abstract: <正> 古代印章,多采用金属和玉类为印材。金属以铜质居多,金银较少,有铸、有凿。玉印主要是白玉、碧玉、紫玉一类,也有以翡翠、玛瑙为之。这种印材有凿、有碾。其印文和印钮也随官阶的不同而有别。《汉官仪》诸候王黄金印橐驼钮,文曰玺;列候、丞相、大将军黄金印、龟钮,文曰章;御史大夫匈奴单于,黄金印,紫绶,文曰章;中二千石银印龟钮,文曰章;千石至四百石皆铜印,鼻钮,文曰印。《汉旧仪》说:“秦以前,民皆以金银铜犀象为方寸玺,各服所好。秦以来,天子独称玺,又以玉,群臣莫敢用也。”可见印材的使用,等级十分森严。但从出土的文物遗存中,也并非完全如此。在私印中,除用以印信外、间有以
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