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On the Effects of Negative Early Childhood Experience on Children\' Brain Development
Pages: 42-46
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Early Childhood Education

Abstract: 早期不良经历会对儿童大脑发育造成消极影响,具体表现为脑体积偏小,左脑皮层发育受抑制,连接左右脑的胼胝体发育缓慢,从而抑制左右脑的协调合作,并使边缘系统中的左海马、杏仁核以及与之相关的小脑蚓体体积减小,进而引发多种心理或精神问题,导致个体社会适应能力下降、认知功能受损.本文从神经网络的形成和应激激素分泌的角度阐述早期不良经历对大脑发育产生消极影响的机制,并提出了相应的预防和干预策略.
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