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Changes of Snow-cover Area and Snowline Altitude in the Qilian Mountains, 1997-2004
Pages: 649-654
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY

Keyword:  积雪面积雪线高度人工增雨雪效果检验祁连山;
Abstract: 利用1997-2004年5~8月的NOAA-AVHRR和EOS-MODIS卫星资料、周遍气象台站气象数据、人工增雨雪等相关资料,对河西内陆河流域上游的祁连山区积雪、冰川的光谱特征进行了判识,并分析了积雪面积和雪线高度变化.结果表明:6~8月祁连山西、中、东部的积雪面积都呈下降趋势,5月积雪面积有所升高;雪线高度处的气温在5月为降低趋势,6月和8月略有升高,7月升高最快;5~8月随时间的变化,祁连山区累计降水量都呈现出不同程度的增加;祁连山西、中部积雪面积和雪线高度随降水和气温的变化有明显的响应,并且中部较西部明显.人工增雪作业对祁连山雪消融具有缓冲作用.
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