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THE REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY OF HARD CLAM MERCENARIA MERCENARIA (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Author(s): 
Pages: 430-436
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: OCEANOLOGIA ET LIMNOLOGIA SINICA

Keyword:  硬壳蛤繁殖生物学繁殖周期性腺发育肥满度胚胎发育;
Abstract: 采用组织学和实验生态学方法对浙江引种养殖的硬壳蛤的性腺发育、生殖周期、胚胎发育、幼虫和稚贝培育进行了研究.结果表明,浙江养殖的硬壳蛤性腺发育过程以1年为1个周期,可分为增殖期、生长期、成熟期、排放期、休止期5个阶段;繁殖期在4月下旬至6月下旬,水温19.0-28.2℃,可大批产卵二次;肥满度最高为7.11%(6月份),最低为3.68%(1月份);水温20-22℃时,D形幼虫孵出时间约为20h,浮游幼虫经9-10天培育进入变态附着期,10-11天发育变态为稚贝.研究还发现,硬壳蛤的精子在光学显微镜下观察呈牛角形或较直的长三角形,与常见的双壳类软体动物的精子形态明显不同.文中还讨论了性腺发育与积温的关系,指出性腺发育成熟的积温和有效积温大约为1800℃和600℃.
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