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Effect of Perforation Mode on the Fracturing Pressure and Cranny Geometric Shape
Author(s): 
Pages: 47-50
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: JOURNAL OF SOUTHWEST PETROLEUM INSTITUTE

Keyword:  射孔压裂破裂压力裂缝形态试验;
Abstract: 利用大型真三轴压裂模拟试验系统,通过模拟地层条件,监测压裂过程及其压力情况,观察裂缝的起裂及其延伸形态,进行射孔方式对压裂压力及裂缝形态的影响研究.研究结果表明,在地应力的大小和分布确定的情况下,破裂压力随着射孔角度的增大而升高,随着射孔排数的增加而降低.为有效降低地层破裂压力、提高压裂成功率及效果,射孔方位应选择0°方向,射孔密度在套管强度容许的前提下越大越好;单排射孔形成的裂缝形态较为简单,多排射孔形成的裂缝形态较为复杂,裂缝条数增加且形态各异.
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