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On the Diachronic Substitution of "吃" for "食"
Pages: 73-76
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: JOURNAL OF YANGZHOU UNIVERSITY(HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES EDITION)

Keyword:  词汇史历时研究;
Abstract: 表示现代汉语的"吃"义,文言一般用"食"."喫"作为动词明确地表示"吃"义始于六朝,一般出现在较口语化的场合,当时使用还很不广泛.唐代即逐渐增多,但与"食"相比,仍处于弱势.至晚唐五代"喫"已在口语中替代"食",并和原本表示口吃的"吃"混用.宋代以后,"喫"(吃)有了迅速发展,并且很快战胜了"食",直至现代汉语中取而代之.从词汇史的角度考察,我们可大致描写出"吃"与"食"的历时替换的轨迹.
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