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The Pre-Qin Scholars' Regional Cultural Characteristics
Author(s): 
Pages: 49-55
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: JOURNAL OF EAST CHINA NORMAL UNIVERSITY(PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIAL SCIENCES)

Keyword:  先秦诸子南北文化实用理性自然天道虚实;
Abstract: 西周末年"天子失官,学在四夷",私学之兴及诸侯"养士"的需要,使"士"阶层迅速崛起,诸子之学逐渐生成.王国维注意到诸子有南北之别的地域文化特性,孔、墨和老、庄可分别作为北、南代表.春秋以来的政治家渐走出蒙昧主义,孔子更树立起理性精神,墨子虽讲鬼神、天志,却有以之制约统治者之旨,老、庄多关注自然天道,与孔、墨的实用理性不同,其他各家也可以作瞩目于人生或自然的大概划分,诸子确有南北之别.孔、墨、孟、荀、韩等儒、墨、法诸家文风不同,却都主于实用,他们所代表的北方派可以用一"实"字概括,而以庄、列为代表的道家和阴阳家驺衍等南方派,则富于想象,可用一"虚"字概括,他们分别开启了我国文学的现实主义和浪漫主义传统.
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