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Myocardioprotective effects of the combination of ischemic preconditioning with hypothermia and crystalloid cardioplegia in immature rabbits
Pages: 389-396
Year: Issue:  3

Keyword:  ischemic preconditioningmyocardiumhypothermia;
Abstract: This study was undertaken to explore the myocardioprotective effects of the combination of ischemic preconditioning (IP) with hypothermia and St. Ⅱ Thomas crystalloid cardioplegic solution (CCS) on immature hearts in the rabbit. Isolated immature rabbit hearts were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer on Langendorff apparatus. In experiment 1, 24 hearts were divided into 4 groups (n=6 in each group): Con, IP1, IP2 and IP3 group. Hearts of the four groups underwent 0, 1, 2 or 3 cycles of IP respectively. Then all the hearts were subjected to a sustained ischemia period of 2 h at 20℃ and a postischemic reperfusion period of 30 min at 37℃. In experiment 2, 48 hearts were divided into 6 groups (n=8 in each group): SConl, SIP1, SCon2, SIP2, SCon3 and SIP3 group, according to hypothermia and the duration of sustained ischemia (30 min at 32℃; 90 min at 25℃, 2 h at 20℃). The SIP1, SIP2 and SIP3 groups were preconditioned twice before the sustained hypothermic ischemia, while the SConl, SCon2 and SCon3 groups were not preconditioned. CCS was applied during sustained ischemia, all the hearts were reperfused for 30 min at 37℃. Heart rate (HR), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and peak rate of increase or decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dpldtmax) were recorded. Tissue concentration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP),malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured. At the end of reperfusion, values of product of LVDP and HR, ±dp/dtmax in IP2 group were 96%±21%, 101% ± 19% and 84% ± 15% of the baseline values respectively, which were significantly higher than those of Con group and IP3 group (P<0.01, P<0.05); also, the ATP content of IP2 group was higher than that of the Con group (P<0.01). When CCS was applied during sustained period of hypothermic ischemia at 32℃ or 25℃, recovery rates of RPP (rate product, =LVDP × HR) and ±dP/dtmax in SIP 1 group were 87 % ± 14% or 99% ± 26% of the baseline values respectively (P<0.05, vs SCon 1group), the values in SIP2 group changed to 87% ± 16% or 102% ± 20% respectively (P<0.05, vs SCon2 group). Contents of ATP in SIP1 and SIP2 groups were significantly higher than those of SCon1 or SCon2 groups respectively (P<0.05), but MDA content of the two groups were significantly lower than those of SCon1 or SCon2 groups (P<0.05) respectively. The study indicates that IP attenuates hypothermic ischemia/reperfusion injury to immature rabbit hearts under 20℃ ischemia, two cycles of IP showing better myocardioprotective effects than 1 or 3 cycles of IP. When IP was combined with CCS which were applied during hypothermic ischemia period, the beneficial effects of IP were weakened as the temperature during the hypothermic period was elevated.
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