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The influence of different cognition styles of University students to figure reasoning level--And concurrently discusses the function of personality in thc cognitive process
Author(s): 
Pages: 389-391,406
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Keyword:  图形推理场独立性场依存性中间型大学生;
Abstract: 用镶嵌图形测验方法从大学生中选出场独立性、场中间性和场依存性被试各32名,在分段限时条件下解决瑞文标准推理测验的B、C、D、E组问题.实验结果表明,认知方式不同组被试图形推理总成绩差异显著,场独立组最高、中间组次之、场依存组最低;随推理问题难度的渐增(B→C→D→E).认知方式的作用效果愈加明显,场独立组、中间组对图形类比推理(B组)、系统变化(C组)和系列关系(D组)的推理水平显著高于场依存组.对复杂抽象问题(E组)的推理水平场独立组显著高于中间组和场依存组;认知方式可解释图形推理总成绩25.9%的变异,年级可解释11.2%的变异.认知方式是影响图形推理水平的重要人格变量.
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