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xi tong xing hong ban lang chuang bing ka shi fei nang chong fei yan zhen zhi ti hui
Author(s): 
Pages: 282-283
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: THE JOURNAL OF PRACTICAL MEDICINE

Keyword:  肺炎卡氏肺囊虫红斑狼疮系统性;
Abstract: 目的:提高对卡氏肺囊虫肺炎(PCP)的认识.方法:回顾分析2例系统性红斑狼疮(SLE)并发卡氏肺囊虫肺炎患者的临床资料. 结果:PCP起病急,临床表现为呼吸困难、干咳、发热、进行性低氧血症和I型呼吸衰竭.胸部X线一般表现为非特异性肺间质炎性改变.支气管肺泡灌洗液多可找到卡氏肺囊虫(PC).PCP治疗宜选足量及足疗程复方新诺明(SMZco).结论:SLE患者出现呼吸困难、I型呼吸衰竭时应警惕PCP;PCP病死率高,早期诊断和治疗是改善预后的关键.
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