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Examination on origin and development of tradition of consultingof pre-Qin period
Author(s): 
Pages: 4-13
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Journal of History and Chorography

Keyword:  先秦咨议传统源流特点;
Abstract: 咨议即咨询、商议,是先秦时期的政治传统,至迟起源于上古尧舜时代。西周初年,咨议活动频繁,文王、武王、周公等上层统治者对咨议传统高度重视,咨议逐渐发展为一种德行——咨。西周末年,厉、宣、幽等王阻塞言路,咨议传统遭到一定程度的破坏。春秋时期,咨议活动频繁,在继承西周传统的同时,出现了咨议对象扩大、咨议礼节减省、鉴戒功能凸显等若干新特点。逮至战国,壮大的士阶层主动游说诸侯卿相以宣传学说、求取禄位,古老的咨议传统因失去存在的土壤而走向终结,新的咨议传统因注入时代精神而焕发生机,礼贤下士及养士之风盛行正是其表现。此外,战国诸子假托圣贤著书,采用反映咨议传统的问对体来表达学术思想,以及《国语》等记录咨议行为典籍的编纂,亦可视为这一传统在战国时期的另类延续。
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