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A Test of The Ingredients of The Blue-and-White Shard Samples Unearthed in Longtan Kiln Site in Zhejiang Province and ‘Zhe Liao(pigment)’
Author(s): 
Pages: 93-101+111
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Palace Museum Journal

Keyword:  cobalt pigmentthe blue-and-white porcelainthe Longtan kiln siteEmperor Zhengde’s(正德) periodEDXRF;
Abstract: The Longtan kiln is the oldest ever discovered in Zhejiang region where the blue-andwhite ceramics are produced in history, which dates back as far as to Emperor Zhengde’s( 正德) period of Ming Dynasty. The test results of 22 pieces of blue-and-white sampled shards unearthed in the Longtan kiln site with EDXRF are presented in the thesis covering three aspects----the properties and changes of the body glaze elements are ascertained as well as the law of changes; the regional features of the sherds between Longtan kiln and Jingdezhen kiln are clarified as well as the causes for their differences; the link between the cobalt pigment used in Longtan blue-and-white and the ‘Zhe Liao(pigment)’ is analyzed. ‘Zhe Liao(pigment)’ is recorded in the works such as Memoir of The Ming Dynasty(Qīng Shí Lù), An Ancient Chinese Encyclopedia of Craftsmanship(Tiān Gong Kāi Wù) and Illustrated Making of Pottery(Táo Yě Tú Shuō). The project offers scientific data for the study of academic issues regarding the nature of ‘Zhe Liao(pigment)’ and the craftsmanship and the law of development of the Ming blue-and-white, and the birthplace of the unearthed sherds in the related kiln sites and the exported blue-and-white porcelain as well.
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