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A Review of Musical Instrument Chime’s Process in The Qing Court
Author(s): 
Pages: 16-33+107-108
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Palace Museum Journal

Keyword:  chime bells‘Moderate Harmony Elegant Music’(Zhōnghé Sháoyuè)rites and musicmusic for sacrificial ritesmusic for imperial assembly;
Abstract: The thesis proceeds the process of chimes in type and function and its embodiment of the political idea of the Qing court from the historical literature and extant objects. Chimes, a set of bells, is a kind of Chinese traditional musical instrument to play ‘Moderate Harmony Elegant Music’(Zhōnghé Sháoyuè in Chinese pinyin) at the royal ceremonies, court banquets, which represents the highest solemnity of sacrificial rites as the symbol of both the Gods and Goddesses of heaven and earth, and the supreme of emperor and empress as well. When the Qing dynasty entered, Emperors Kangx( 康 熙)and Qianlong (乾隆) inherited the Ming court music and instruments. On the other hand, they ordered to innovate and add types of chimes more to meet the special demands of any temples and palaces well.
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