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A research on Toponym of“Zhi”from Local Chronicles of Anshun and Guiyang Prefectures in Guizhou Province in Ming and Qing Dynasties
Author(s): 
Pages: 74-80
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Journal of History and Chorography

Keyword:  地方志地名明清;
Abstract: 明清贵州安顺、贵阳两府辖地内有大量少数民族聚居地,主要有苗、布依、仡佬等民族。据地方志文献记载,这些少数民族地区是以一种称为"枝"的基层单位进行自我管理的",枝"类似于汉族地区实行的里甲制度。有"枝"的地方则称为"某枝""某某枝"",枝"或省写为"支"。"枝"分布和使用地域范围较为固定,主要分布于两府所辖插花地、附郭及亲辖地少数民族集中区域内。作为清代一种特殊的地方管理制度,它并非专为一少数民族而设,亦非专为一地而立,"枝"在两府内的普遍存在与当时"协公稽查,约束苗民"的地方少数民族管理方式有关。
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