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An Analysis of Old-Age Security in Modern Japan
Author(s): 
Pages: 45-53
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Japan Problem Studies

Keyword:  近代日本养老保障"家"制度孝道;
Abstract: 古代日本社会有优老、养老的制度和传统.在社会转型期的近代日本,养老保障呈现出有异于近世和战后的特点,具有贯通两大阶段的过渡性.虽然"家"依然是承担养老功能的主体,但其经济来源由家业收入转为恩给、工薪、年金等;户主承担养老责任,从惯例向制度转变;养老任务承担者则由主要依靠家长,向依靠女性特别是主妇转变.并且,由于重视家族制度规范,加之儒家孝道的影响,导致法律政策上养老保障制度的滞后,相关法令有明显对"贫疾孤老"实施救济的特征,未形成相应的制度体系.
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