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From Official to Gentry:the Etiquette Thought and Belief Life of Shang Lu
Pages: 12-21
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Journal of History and Chorography

Keyword:  Shang LuMing DynastyScholar bureaucratEtiquettebeliefConfucianismBuddhismTaoism;
Abstract: The Etiquette thought and belief life of the famous literary-talent premier Shang Lu, was extremely typical among the literati and scholar bureaucrats who came from the south of the Yangtze River in Ming China. Shang Lu criticized Buddhism and Taoism, which was treated as"heresy"by him, severely in the central imperial court with an obvious view to defend the Confucius legitimacy. However, Shang Lu seemed more friendly to Buddhism and Taoism when he retired and came back to the South hometown. Basic starting point of this paper is the analysis of this seeming contradiction of Shang Lu’s life, with a focus on his social relations and affiliation. Besides, this paper puts emphasis on exploring the inner spirit of etiquette thought of Shang Lu, which was realized and maintained throughout his major changing process of "imperial court-local village"and "Official-Gentry". Meanwhile, a value of humanization, mainly focused on the secular world, was also demonstrated in the Etiquette thought and belief life of Shang Lu.
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