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A Textual Research on the “Old Real Book” Version of A Dream of Red Mansions Annotated by Zhi Yanzhai
Pages: 69-79
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Nankai Journal(Philosophy,Literature and Social Science Edition)

Keyword:  A Dream of Red MansionsMutual CriticismEarly CirculationOld Real BookJi Husou;
Abstract: By taking the approach of mutual criticism, we have done a case study about the"Old Real Book"(旧时真本)version of A Dream of Red Mansions annotated by Zhi Yanzhai(脂砚斋). Our finding reveals that the annotation by Zhi with the signature"Ji Mao Dong Ye"(己卯冬夜) should be the comments by Ji Husou(畸笏叟)and the comments in the existing Gengchen version can prove to be copied from the private version commented by Ji Husou. From those related comments, it can be known that Ji Husou had limited knowledge about the"Old Real Book"version of A Dream of Red Mansions, therefore he could not be the co-author of A Dream on Red Mansions and his relationship with Cao Xueqin appeared not as close as Zhi Yanzhai. After reviewing the Jiawu version and the Gengchen verision, we find that the same comments in both are signed by two different authors, however, we can identify that Ji Husou should annotate many comments. That is to say, the current Jiawu Version has copied some comments from the Gengwu version with the signature of Ji Husou deleted. In addition to the new findings in the conclusion, a comparative examination on the version annotated by Zhi also helps to clarify the logic of its texts and rethink in depth the basic hypothesis and research approaches in"the new studies on A Dream of Red Mansions".
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