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Forty Years of Political and Administrative Reform in China and the Protection of Civil Rights
Author(s): 
Pages: 28-38
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Nankai Journal(Philosophy,Literature and Social Science Edition)

Keyword:  Reform and Opening upSystem ReformCivil RightsPolitical Rights;
Abstract: In the course of the establishment and development of China’s socialist market economic system, the protection of individual rights has been gradually recognized. The recognition of individual rights requires three obligations from the government: first, taking active action to protect individual rights from infringement; second, providing safeguard measures for the realization of individual rights; third, its self-restraint of power and its way of exercise, respecting individual rights, and no interfering in and infringing on individual rights. The reform of China’s political and administrative system in the past forty years has been adapted to the protection requirement of civil rights. The transformation from the control-oriented government to the management-type and service-oriented government has guaranteed the recognition of individual rights. The enhancement of the channels of political participation in public affairs has recognized and guaranteed the political rights of citizens, such as the right of information, participation, expression and supervision. The strengthening of restraints on government behavior has prevented and punished the abuse of power that might infringe on individual rights.
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