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On the Phenomenon of Sacrifice for Liyi in Spring and Autumn Period based on the State of Jin People
Author(s): 
Pages: 4-11
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Journal of History and Chorography

Keyword:  春秋时期重义轻死晋人尚武之风礼义之教;
Abstract: 《左传》等传世文献记载了春秋时期"重义轻死"现象,以晋国尤多。当时各国重视礼教,尤其是礼义之教,仁、义、忠、信等属于礼义范畴的道德观念深入人心,贵族多能引为鉴戒,此即春秋时人"重义"之原因所在。"轻死"则源于西周以来的尚武之风。起初,"知死不辟""不逃死"即被认为是"勇"的表现,后来"勇"被赋予道德内涵而演变为勇德,它将"不畏死"之"勇"引向了践行礼义道德的积极方面,促使了因遵守和捍卫某种道德观念而舍生忘死行为(即"重义轻死"现象)的产生,这种行为正是"重义"的极端表现。晋国礼义之教发达正是"重义轻死"现象多出于晋的根本原因。礼义之教对春秋社会的稳定及发展起到了至关重要的作用。
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