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wei xian chan you : zuo chuan zhi xu shu ce lue ji qi dui shi chuan wen xue de ying xiang
Author(s): 
Pages: 199-206
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Gansu Social Sciences

Keyword:  春秋左传微显阐幽叙述策略史传文学;
Abstract: “微显阐幽”作为《周易》的功能特征,不仅被《周易·系辞》所肯定,同时也被《春秋》内化为“微而显”的录史笔法。《左传》传叙《春秋》,则进一步发扬了“微显阐幽”的义理内涵,通过活显《春秋》人物、详具《春秋》细节、直解《春秋》书法、阐明《春秋》义例、引贤圣以置评、据礼以断事六条途径来阐显《春秋》。《春秋》经事之具微,义理之幽隐,俱得《左传》而畅明。是故,“微显阐幽”亦即成为《左传》传叙《春秋》的叙述策略。这一策略经由《左传》经学地位的确立,对后世史传文学产生了深远影响。其具体表现,即史传文学对褒贬善恶的普遍关注,对尊亲贤者讳的晦婉表达,对知人论事传叙原则的合理运用,对善言佳词、感异预言的广泛载录,以及史评与史论体制的形成等。因此,“微显阐幽”不仅为《左传》之叙述策略,亦是百代史家传述之准则,影响深远。
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