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he Study of Evolution of “Three King” System in the Hell
Author(s): 
Pages: 59-68
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Vicissitudes

Keyword:  Hellthe King of HellFusion of Three ReligionKshitigarbha;
Abstract: Chinese traditional Hell Notion is based on the thoughts of "Ye" and "metempsychosis", among that the Judgement to "Ye" symbolized the function of punishment of the hell,while the expectation to "metempsychosis" helps to bring out salvation. According to the study of Taoist and Buddhism sutra and,pictures and literature works, we could find that before the "kshitigarbha ten kings" system formed,"three kings" system composing of King of Hell, Taishan Fujun and Wudao deity has existed and is prevalent from the Southern and Northern dynasties to the Middle Tang dynasty, no later than the Middle Tang dynasty, kshitigarbha had been the supervisor and savior of the hell. The formation and evolution of the "three kings"system reflects the fusion of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoist and inicization ?trend of Buddhism.
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