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Expressions of HIF-1α and CA9 in breast carcinoma and their relationships with basal-like subtype
Pages: 415-419
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Journal of International Oncology

Abstract: Objective To study the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1 α) and carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) in different molecular subtypes of breast carcinoma and their relationships with basallike subtype.Methods The expressions of HIF-1α and CA9 were detected by immunohistochemistry in five subtypes of breast carcinoma (n =803).The relationships of the expressions of HIF-1α and CA9 with the clinicopathologic parameters of basal-like subtype and with the prognosis of patients were analyzed.Results The positive expression rates of HIF-1α and CA9 protein in breast carcinoma were much higher than those in paratumor breast tissues (43.96% vs.3.86%,x2 =354.858,P < 0.001;19.80% vs.4.61%,x2 =86.495,P < 0.001).The positive expression rates of HIF-1α in Luminal A,Luminal B,epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) over-expression,basal-like and normal breast-like subtypes were 31.97%,25.00%,56.06%,77.89% and 55.76% respectively,and the positive expression rates of CA9 were 7.48%,5.56%,60.61%,40.00% and 27.88% respectively,with significant differences (x2 =88.628,P < 0.001;x2 =147.128,P <0.001).The positive expression rates of HIF-1α and CA9 in estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast carcinomas(HER-2 over-expression,basal-like and normal breast-like) were significantly higher than those in ER-positive subtypes (Luminal A and Luminal B,all P < 0.005).There was a significant positive correlation between HIF-1 α and CA9 (C =0.315,P =0.001),and both were correlated with the lymph node metastasis (x2 =4.542,P =0.033;x2 =7.025,P =0.008),pTNM stage (x2 =5.390,P =0.020;x2 =10.179,P =0.001) and poor prognosis (x2 =4.353,P =0.037;x2 =6.056,P =0.014) of basal-like subtype.Conclusion Over-expressions of HIF-1α and CA9 may be related to the ER-negative breast cancer more closely,and both may play important roles in the occurrence and development of basal-like subtype.Overexpressions of HIF-1α and CA9 may suggest the poorer prognosis of patients with basal-like breast carcinoma.
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