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dong tai ping gu ji hu li dui nao zu zhong tun yan zhang ai huan zhe de ying xiang
Pages: 125-127
Year: Issue:  12
Journal: Chinese Journal of Practical Nervous Diseases

Abstract: 目的 探讨动态评估及系统护理干预对脑卒中吞咽障碍患者吞咽功能改善和吸入性肺炎发生率的影响.方法 将2016-01-12入院、经洼田饮水试验评估吞咽障碍为Ⅱ级及以上的92例患者分为实验组和对照组,其中2016-01-06入院的46例吞咽障碍患者设为对照组,给予常规护理和指导;2016-07-12入院的46例吞咽障碍患者设为实验组,给予动态评估及系统护理干预,于2周后统计实验组和对照组患者吞咽功能情况和吸入性肺炎发生率.结果 经动态评估及系统护理干预,实验组患者吞咽功能改善明显,吞咽功能治愈和显效率明显高于对照组,经秩和检验,2组比较差异有统计学意义(HC=3.343,P<0.05);实验组吸入性肺炎发生率(13.04%)低于对照组(30.43%),差异有统计学意义(χ2=5.1155,P<0.05).结论 动态评估及系统护理干预可有效提高脑卒中吞咽障碍患者的吞咽功能,降低吸入性肺炎的发生率.
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