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Current situation of chronic musculoskeletal injury and protection among clinical nurses in two third-grade class-A hospitals of Urumqi
Pages: 884-887
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: Occupation and Health

Abstract: [Objective] To investigate the prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal injury (CMI) among clinical nurses in Urumqi,analyze its related influencing factors and protective measures.[Methods] By using the cross-sectional survey design,a questionnaire survey was performed among clinical nurses from different departments in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Xinjiang in May 2015.[Results]Totally 400 clinical nurses were investigated in this study,and 391 valid questionnaires were collected with the response rate of 97.8%.342 (87.5%) nurses suffered from CMI,and the most common sites were lumbar back [80.8%(276/342)],followed by lower limb [58.8%(201/342)],shoulder [41.9%(143/342)] and upper limb [27.1%(92/342)].Gender,age,education level,department,night shift status and the daily working hours were related to the occurrence of CMI among nurses (P<0.05).The routine nursing operations most related to occurrence of C MI were changing patients' body position in bed [78.4% (268/342)],lifting the patients [71.1% (243/342)],observation of physical signs [49.7% (170/342)],sputum aspiration [44.4% (152/342)],intravenous/intramuscular injection [39.5%(135/342)] and blood specimen collection [39.2%(134/342)].In the process of nursing,334(85.4%) nurses thought that they need life support technology to reduce CMI,and 250 (85.4%) nurses reported willingness to participate the life support technology training.[Conclusion] In Urumqi,the CMI is more common among clinical nurses,which is related to many factors.Awareness of self-protection for CMI is low among nurses,and the majority of them are willing to participate in training of prevention to reduce the CMI.Medical institution managers should take appropriate measures to prevent and reduce the occurrence of CMI and improve the work efficiency of nursing staff.
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