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Somatotype of elderly people in urban area of Nanjing City
Pages: 920-922,926
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: Occupation and Health

Abstract: [Objective] To learn the body characteristics of elderly people in different age groups in urban area of Nanjing City,provide the basis for the establishment of scientific monitoring standards to evaluate physical fitness level of the elderly people.[Methods] Heath-Carter somatotyping method was used to measure the physical indicators of elderly people over 50 years old in urban area of Nanjing City,and the data were statistically analyzed.[Results] The average somatotype value of male people aged 50-55 years old was respectively 4.9,5.0 and 3.4,that of male people over 70 years old was respectively 4.3,4.5 and 4.9,and the average somatotype value of male people was respectively 5.7,5.0 and 2.9.The average somatotype value of female people was respectively 6.2,5.2 and 1.6,and the female people in different age groups all belonged to the balanced endodermal type.There was no statistically significant difference in somatotype between males and females in 50-55 year-old age group (t=1.23,P>0.05).The difference in somatotype was statistically significant between males and females over 56 years old,and the most difference was found in people above 70 years old (t=5.42,P<0.01).In general comparison,there was statistically significant difference in somatotype between males and females in urban area of Nanjing City (t=3.16,P<0.01).[Conclusion] In urban area of Nanjing City,the male people aged 50-55 years old belong to mesomorphy (tend to endomorphy),those aged 56-69 years old belong to endomorphy (tend to mesomorphy),while those over 70 years old belong to ectomorph,and the elderly male people overall belong to endomorphy (tend to mesomorphy).The elderly female people all belong to the balanced endomorphy.
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