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Evaluation Method and Empirical Study of Marine Ecological Civilization Demonstration Area
Pages: 33-39
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Ocean Development and Management

Abstract: The core of marine ecological civilization is symbiotic harmony of the human and ma-rine.Marine ecological civilization demonstration area,which has realized the harmonious coexis-tence between human and marine,contains two meanings:the sustainable development of marine ecological system and the sustainable development of human society.In the paper,the evaluation index system of marine ecological civilization demonstration area was constructed according to the principle of hierarchical,dynamic and complete,combining the requirements of data acquisition and quantify,by using Delphi Method to determine the weight of each evaluation index.Eight re-gions including Rizhao City,Longdao County,Xiangshan County,Dongtou County,Xiamen City, Jinjiang City,Dongshan County,Zhuhai Hengqin,were selected as research objects,to study the sustainable development index of marine ecosystem,the sustainable development index of human society and comprehensive assessment index of marine ecological civilization.The research showed that:①The 8 regions basically meet the requirements of marine ecological civilization demonstra-tion area,the sustainable development index of marine ecosystem is higher than that of human so-ciety .②The most restrictive factors in the sustainable development of marine ecological system are the regional sea water quality,and then the problems of marine space resources utilization and marine biological resources utilization.③ In the sustainable development of human society,the biggest constraint is marine industrial structure,in addition,the regional energy consumption,ma-rine promotion and education,marine scientific and technological progress,marine cultural heritage and protection,and service support capacity,need to be improved in the future.
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