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kuai su yan dong shui mian fa sheng ji zhi ji xiang guan ji bing yan jiu jin zhan
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Pages: 575-578
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Journal of International Neurology and Neurosurgery

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Abstract: 快速眼动(REM)睡眠是由脑干、前脑和下丘脑的多个神经递质系统相互协作来产生并维持的.此过程的核心区域位于蓝斑下核.REM睡眠时,谷氨酸能蓝斑下核细胞激活,使得GABA和甘氨酸释放进入骨骼肌运动神经元,产生睡眠瘫痪.REM睡眠的时限受控于脑干及下丘脑中的多个通路,探索这些通路与蓝斑下核的关系十分重要.本文综合探讨了现有研究对健康REM睡眠产生机制以及异常REM睡眠(如发作性睡病和REM睡眠行为障碍)产生机制的理解.
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