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Influencing factors for job satisfaction in train drivers in a railway bureau: an analysis of 1413 cases
Author(s): 
Pages: 43-47
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases

Keyword:  StressPsychologicalOccupational exposureTrain drivers;
Abstract: Objective To investigate the influencing factors for job satisfaction in train drivers.Methods In March 2012,cluster sampling was used to conduct a cross-sectional survey in 1413 male train drivers (including 301 passenger train drivers,683 freight train drivers,350 passenger shunting train drivers,and 79 high-speed train drivers) from a locomotive depot of a railway bureau.The occupational stress instruments,job content questionnaire,and effort-reward imbalance questionnaire were used to analyze job satisfaction,occupational stress factors,stress reaction,individual characteristics,coping strategies,and social support.Results There were significant differences in job satisfaction score between the drivers with different posts,working years,ages,smoking status,and drinking status (P<0.01).The correlation analysis revealed that job satisfaction score was positively correlated with reward,working stability,promotion opportunity,positive emotion,social support,self-esteem,and coping strategy scores (P<0.01) and negatively correlated with sleep disorders,effort,role conflict,intergroup conflict,responsibility for persons,responsibility for things,psychological needs,physiological needs,daily stress,negative emotion,and depressive symptom scores (P<0.01).The analysis of variance showed that compared with the moderate and low job satisfaction groups,the high job satisfaction group had significantly higher reward,positive emotion,promotion opportunity,and role ambiguity scores (P <0.01),as well as significantly lower scores of responsibility for persons and responsibility for things (P<0.01).Compared with the moderate and high job satisfaction groups the low job satisfaction group had significantly higher scores of psychological needs,effort,role conflict,sleep disorders,daily stress,depressive symptom,negative emotion,drug use,intragroup conflict,and social support (P<0.01),and the moderate job satisfaction group had a significantly higher score of self-esteem than the other two groups (P<0.05).The logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of job dissatisfaction in the drivers with low social support and high daily stress was more than 2 times that in those with high social support and low daily stress (OR=2.176 and 2.171),and sleep disorders,effort,depressive symptom,low self-esteem,and role conflict were risk factors for job dissatisfaction (OR =1.48-1.625).Conclusion Occupational stress,stress response,emotion,individual characteristics,and social support have great influence on job satisfaction.Improving social support,increasing positive emotion,and reducing occupational stress are main measures for increasing job satisfaction in train drivers.
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