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kou qiang yan pen wu ji zhi liao man xing ya zhou yan de lin chuang guan cha
Author(s): 
Pages: 62-64
Year: Issue:  12
Journal: China’s Naturopathy

Abstract: 牙周炎是累及四种牙周支持组织(牙龈、牙周膜、牙槽骨和牙骨质)的慢性感染性疾病,往往引发牙周支持组织的炎性破坏.一般认为牙周炎占拔牙原因的30%~44%,是我国成年人丧失牙齿的首要原因.但多数成年人罹患的牙周炎为轻到中度.重症者仅占人群的5%~20%.牙周炎的主要临床表现是牙龈炎症、出血、牙周袋形成、牙槽骨吸收、牙槽骨高度降低、牙齿松动移位、咀嚼无力,严重者牙齿可自行脱落或者导致牙齿的拔除.牙周炎的治疗主要通过牙周基础治疗(包括牙周洁治、牙周刮治及根面平整术)及牙周维护治疗,必要时须用手术治疗.
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