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Injurious effect of zinc deficiency on cardiomyocytes
Author(s): 
Pages: 677-683
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Acta Physiologica Sinica

Keyword:  zinc deficiencyH9c2 cardiac cellscell injuryERK pathway;
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of zinc deficiency on cardiomyocyte survival and the underlying mechanisms. Simulated zinc deficiency model was developed in H9c2 cardiac cells with zinc chelator N, N, N’, N’-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl) ethylenediamine(TPEN). MTT assay was used to evaluate cell viability. Morphological changes of the cells were observed by optical microscope. Lacate dehydrogenase(LDH) levels of the cells were determined with LDH assay kit. Mitochondrial membrane potential(ΔΨ) was measured with confocal microscope using JC-1 dye. Intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) levels were determined by DCFH-DA staining. PD98059(an inhibitor of ERK), SNAP, which can activate ERK, and the ROS scavenger, MPG, were respectively used to investigate mechanism of signal transduction. The phosphorylation of ERK was detected by Western blot. The results showed that TPEN significantly induced the cell morphological damage and the loss of ΔΨ, increased LDH leakage, and promoted ROS generation. In the H9c2 cells, TPEN significantly inhibited ERK phosphorylation and decreased cell viability, which was potentiated by PD98059, whereas both SNAP and MPG reversed the inhibitory effects of TPEN. These data suggest that zinc deficiency leads to the injury in H9c2 cardiac cells through down-regulating ERK pathway. Increased intracellular ROS may account for the effect of zinc deficiency.
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