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Style Analysis and Style Changing: On the Zhu Xi’s Thought of Stylistics
Pages: 21-30
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Journal of Xiamen University(Arts & Social Sciences)

Keyword:  Zhu Xistylisticsstyle analysisstyle changing;
Abstract: Zhu Xi’s ideas of stylistics are an important part of his literary thought,closely related to Confucian philosophy. They generally comprise the following aspects: Firstly,on the identification of style and the elevation of the status of style,Zhu Xi came up with the classic argument that"it’s imperative to first understand the refined and unrefined historical and contemporary systems as well as their support and opposition",which is one of the key links in the chain of China’s historical stylistic criticism. Secondly,in analyzing the stylistic aspects of the authenticity of ancient books,Zhu Xi employed the method of examining the stylistic authenticity of ancient books,using both systematic analysis of stylistic theory and specific analysis of stylistic practice. He differentiated styles as a way of distinguishing truth and falsehood,as evidenced in his authentication of the two books—"Pseudo Ancient Text Shangshu"and "Ma Yi Remarks on Change". Thirdly,Zhu Xi’s interpretation method and guideline for the "Book of Songs"—"The first step in reading poems is to understand the‘SixMeaning System’—represented an affirmation of his argument that "it’s imperative to first understand the historical and contemporary systems". Finally,regarding the opposing attitudes of"identifying the style"and"breaking the style",Zhu Xi held a dialectical point of view,presenting a core proposition of"changing without losing its positive". As a Confucian,Zhu Xi’s Doctrine of the Mean idea of Confucianism,his discussion of "Zhou Yi"and "following the classic and timely change"and related the "normalcy and change",as well as his other simple dialectics,formed his concept of the philosophical basis of dialectical analysis of style.
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