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The Study of the Exile Area in the Mid-Qing Dynasty
Author(s): 
Pages: 67-73
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Journal of Liaocheng University(Social Sciences Edition)

Keyword:  流放流遣区域流人西北;
Abstract: 清代流遣区域的选择,清初多集中于东北,到了清代中期,由于中原人口的大幅度的增加,导致大批汉族百姓到关外垦田以求生计,这必然影响东北旗地的发展.在这种情况下,统治者一面对东北厉行封禁,一面改变流放政策,将遣犯改发到人烟稀少的西北地区.流放西北的形式主要有军流和遣犯两种.流放地主要集中于新疆地区的乌鲁木齐、伊犁、巴里坤、辟展等地.遣犯一般在屯田区域种地,一定年限后可落户当地.也有入铅厂当差,在山中采煤,还有充当船夫,从事各种沉重的体力劳动.遣犯的出路多数安插为民,也有少部分入绿营当兵,或遣返为民.
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