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guan yu nan jing fang shan dong xuan guan de ruo gan wen ti
Author(s): 
Pages: 57-65
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Vicissitudes

Keyword:  方山洞玄观崇虚馆宝华宫崇真观;
Abstract: 一般认为南京方山南麓的洞玄观是吴大帝孙权于赤乌二年(239)或三年为葛玄所立,但此说并无史实及考古依据,故只是一个传说,推测是南朝道教灵宝派道士或葛氏后人杜撰。洞玄观实际上始创于南朝,可能即梁代天印山之崇虚馆。至唐末,洞玄观列入道教洞天福地的"七十二福地"之一,从而名扬海内。南唐保大初年,中主李璟为其母宋太后在方山敕建的宝华宫实乃就洞玄观旧址扩建而成。宝华宫规模宏大,是洞玄观历史上最辉煌的时期。北宋大中祥符年间,因避宋代国讳,洞玄观改名崇真观,或称洞元观。明代,洞玄观再次重建,并恢复了洞玄观的旧名。
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