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American Ethics Review Mechanism and the Study of Oral History
Pages: 86-97+159
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Historiography Quarterly

Keyword:  口述历史伦理审查伦理审查委员会;
Abstract: From the 1950 s,the US federal government began paying attention to and regulating ethical issues involving human subject research, for which it established a set of ethical review and regulatory mechanisms. Since the mid-1990 s,oral history study,which requires interactive interviewing method and research based upon the oral memories of participants and eyewitnesses,has also been subject to the system of ethical review and regulation that was originally established for biomedical and behavioral researches.Meanwhile,American oral historians have been trying to reform the ethical review mechanism; they regard such mechanism as contrary to the fundamental principles of oral history study,such as academic freedom.They have strongly advocated that oral history be fully excluded from the ethical review process. However,because of the ambiguity of federal regulations and policies and risk-averse mindset of the Institutional Review Boards,most universities and research institutions in the United States remain careful in deciding whether or not a specific research project in oral history should go through a certain type of ethical review process or even avoid any ethical review mechanism.
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