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Hydraulic characteristics of spillway fillet slanted pick
Author(s): 
Pages: 573-581
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Journal of Southwest University for Nationalities(Natrual Science Edition)

Keyword:  溢洪道贴角斜挑坎挑流水舌数值模拟紊动能;
Abstract: 溢洪道出口挑坎体型的设计会依据工程的需求而有所不同.通过模型试验和数值模拟结合的方法,将常规的斜切式挑坎与加贴角的斜切式挑坎的水舌形态、水舌挑距、挑高、水舌及下游紊动能和紊动能耗散率进行比较分析,得出了加贴角后斜挑体型的新的特征.对于狭窄河道大交角溢洪道,加贴角斜切式挑坎能够使挑流翻转偏向一侧,有利于挑流的归槽,减小了入水宽度和对单侧岸坡的冲刷,且挑流在空中运动时紊动剧烈,砸落水垫时紊动能耗散迅速,有利于下游消能防冲.
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