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Effects of changing precipitation regime on carbon exchange in a typical steppe ecosystem in Inner Mongolia
Author(s): 
Pages: 516-524
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Journal of Southwest University for Nationalities(Natrual Science Edition)

Keyword:  全球变化碳通量降水格局非线性响应;
Abstract: 在全球变化的背景下,内蒙古草原生态系统的降水量可能增加或者减少.迄今,降水量的改变对该区域草地生态系统碳交换的影响我们还知之甚少.为此,本研究通过完全控水防雨棚,开展了降水梯度实验,探究该生态系统碳交换(ecosystem carbon exchange)随降水量变化的响应轨迹.结果表明:随着生长季降水量从100mm增加到500mm,净生态系统碳交换(net ecosystem exchange,NEE)、生态系统呼吸(ecosystem respiration,ER)和生态系统总生产力(gross ecosystem productivity,GEP)均显著提高,这些过程均表现为明显的非线性响应.NEE、ER和GEP的饱和点对应的降水量分别为350mm,200mm和275mm.从响应率的变化斜率看,降水量减少(<275 mm的处理)的效应显著强于降水量增加(> 275 mm的处理)的效应.变异来源分析说明,随着降水量的改变,群落生物量是草原生态系统碳交换的首要影响因素,可以解释NEE、ER和GEP变异的30.89%、41.90%和40.60%,而土壤含水量和土壤温度只能解释NEE、ER和GEP变异的11.51%、7.78%和9.28%.上述结果为我们理解和预测未来降水变化对内蒙古温带典型草原生态系统碳交换的影响提供了依据.
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