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zi gu yu shou gu nong min gong de te zheng ji qi dai ji cha yi ji yu cfps shu ju de fen xi
Author(s): 
Pages: 15-22
Year: Issue:  9
Journal: Xinjiang State Farms Economy

Keyword:  农民工自雇受雇代际差异;
Abstract: 文章运用CFPS(2012)数据,从人口学、工作、个人感知等维度对比分析了农民工自雇与受雇的特征及其代际差异.结果显示,自雇农民工与受雇农民工相比,具有人力资本差、从事第三产业、就业半径小、工作时间长、社会保障弱、自我价值感高等特点;自雇和受雇均有明显的代际差异,第一代自雇农民工、新生代自雇农民工、第一代受雇农民工、新生代受雇农民工各自具有显著的特征.认为农民工因人力资本低和收入高而选择自雇,自雇是积极的、有希望实现向上流动的就业方式.最后提出应针对不同农民工群体制定精准的就业、创业促进政策.
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