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The Formation, Practice and Impact of Hexagonal Planning Theories Originated in the West Since the Late Nineteenth Century
Author(s): 
Pages: 78-90
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Urban Planning International

Keyword:  Hexagonal PlanningIntellectual History of PlanningPlanning MethodsGarden CityIdeal City;
Abstract: This paper investigates the origins of hexagonal planning in the West since the late 19 th century and offers a brief history of its formation, world-wide practice and impact. Aiming to enrich urban landscape on the basis of scientific and economic methods, hexagonal planning emerged around the turn of the twentieth century, embracing the sea change of Western society of the day when modern planning became an independent discipline. The urban development and studies of modern Chinese cities is also entwined with hexagonal planning as part of Garden City movement, as exemplified in Xinjing("New Capital") Plan of 1932. Other examples discussed in this paper include Griffin’s Canberra Plan of 1913, Luyten’s New Delhi Plan of 1914, and Parker’s Wythenshawe Plan of 1928 and immigrant resettlements in California in the 1930 s. Hexagonal planning theories waned in the 1940 s yet its impact continued into the 1960 s on many other fields besides city planning.
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