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The New Urbanism Movement of America: Development, Critique, Introspection
Pages: 40-48
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Urban Planning International

Keyword:  Urban SprawlNew Urbanism MovementCritiquePractice;
Abstract: The New Urbanism movement, which was risen in the 1990 s, provides us an important theoretical thinking paradigm to understand urban sprawl, solving problems such as the hollowing of the central city and the community indifference. Systematically combs The New Urbanism practice and development during the period of more than two decades since its evolution, the thesis gives the idea that the theory ran through a series of practical projects with four developmental characteristics, which are absorbing the critical thought, improving the theoretical framework, reinforcing the safeguard for the implementation and innovating the theory’s practice. Then, it indicates that the critiques toward the New Urbanism cover three levels in the origin, the project preparation, the content and the practical operation of the theory. Finally concluded from such mixed cognition, the New Urbanism movement acts as a phased balancing policy towards urban dynamic development, any changes of the dynamic uncertainties during the process of urban development remain to be unknown for the New Urbanism, and this thesis suggests a profound reflection on the practice of the New Urbanism at present stage in China, and provides anticipation and proposals for the future developments.
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