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Variation in Acute Toxicity and Genotoxicity of Acrylic Fiber Wastewater on Daphnia magna and Danio rerio during Anaerobic-aerobic Treatment Process
Author(s): 
Pages: 225-230
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Asian Journal of Ecotoxicolog

Keyword:  acrylic fiber wastewaterDaphnia magnaDanio rerioacute toxicitygenotoxicity;
Abstract: 腈纶废水毒性较强且难以去除,对腈纶废水毒性及污水处理过程毒性削减能力进行评价,可为开发该类废水毒性减排技术提供科学依据.利用大型蚤及斑马鱼评价某腈纶废水的急性毒性和遗传毒性,及厌氧-好氧工艺对该废水毒性的削减能力.采用大型蚤活动抑制率和斑马鱼致死率表征废水急性毒性,采用斑马鱼肝细胞彗星尾矩表征废水遗传毒性.腈纶废水处理前对大型蚤和斑马鱼的急性毒性单位(TU)分别为1.2和2.9,经厌氧-好氧工艺处理后分别降至<0.4和0.5.遗传毒性结果表明腈纶废水对斑马鱼肝细胞造成DNA损伤作用,经处理后遗传毒性仍显著高于阴性对照组.理化指标与毒性指标相关性分析表明,该废水氨氮与毒性显著相关,推测氨氮可能是该废水中的重要致毒因子之一.研究结果表明该腈纶废水采用现有厌氧-好氧工艺无法有效削减毒性,对受纳水体水生态环境造成潜在危害.
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