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The Difficult Problem of “Synthesis” in Ancient Polysynthetic Language
Author(s): 
Pages: 75-81
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Journal of Sichuan University(Social Science Edition)

Keyword:  polysynthetic languageincorporationcompoundingHundun Linguistics;
Abstract: The term “polysynthesis" in the “Polysynthetic Language" of the American Indians implies the ontogenic understanding of the language. This language is considered to be comprised by many originally independent morphemes through incorporation or compounding, etc. and cannot be divided into words or sentences. However, this opinion is just a presupposition without any evidence. Having complex morphology and long syllables, a polysynthetic language has identical characteristics with primitive languages. The fact that the more ancient the language is, the more complex forms and the higher degree of integration it has, is not easy to be explained reasonably through traditional opinions. The newly-proposed Hundun Linguistics Theory can provide a way of thinking to explain this phenomenon.
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